The speed and severity with which the virus impacted people around the world at the beginning of 2020 forced governments to respond rapidly. Right from the beginning, new measurement requirements emerged, starting with the need for large-scale testing for the presence of the virus and the performance of personal protective equipment. Subsequently, the development of vaccines has depended on accurate identification and measurement of complex protein and RNA molecules. The enormous scale of these requirements has changed national priorities globally; governments have re-focused established science capabilities to meet the challenge of protecting their populations from the impact of the virus.
The metrology community around the globe has been involved with these new national and global challenges, and has used its established experience of measurement science to address national needs such as by:
- setting up systems to test masks needed for personal protection,
- contributing to the design and testing of new ventilator systems needed in hospitals,
- identifying and counting virus molecules in test samples, and
- measuring the efficacy of vaccine doses.
This has been possible because of established technical capabilities to support many of the measurements needed to protect and improve health. These include:
- developing international standards for all types of medical devices with a measuring function, including automated blood-pressure instruments, ophthalmic instruments and medical syringes,
- underpinning clinical laboratory testing by ensuring that measurements made by medical thermometers are in line with the internationally recognized temperature scale,
- ensuring that patients experience the correct dose of X-rays during diagnostic procedures, and
- providing the basis for accurate therapeutic doses of radiation in the treatment of cancer.
We chose the theme “Measurement for Health” for World Metrology Day this year to draw attention to the importance of measurement to support the protection of health. It comes at a time when the experience and capabilities invested in metrology organizations around the world have been turned at short notice to address new national health challenges.
May 20, 2021 | 9:00 AM - 9:30 AM (MT)
Measurement for Health: Accurate Measurement for Patient Care - Metrological Traceability in Laboratory Medicine
Dr. Robert Wielgosz, Director, Chemistry Department, Bureau International des Poids et Mesures Pavillon de Breteuil (BIPM)
Abstract: Accurate measurement for patient care: Metrological Traceability in Laboratory Medicine, Describing the work BIPM has been doing in support of the In-vitro diagnostics Industry for meeting regulatory requirements on metrological traceability.
Bio/CV: Dr. Robert Wielgosz Prior to establishing the Chemistry Department at the BIPM, Dr Wielgosz was a Senior Scientist at the National Physical Laboratory (UK). He has an M.A. in the Natural Sciences from Emmanuel College, Cambridge University, a Ph.D. on Electrochemical studies of Porous Silicon from the University of Bath, and he completed a Royal Society Postdoctoral Fellowship at the University of Ulm (Germany) investigating metal deposition processes on semiconductor surfaces using scanning probe microscopies.
May 20, 2021 | 9:30 AM - 10:00 AM (MT)
Measurement for Health: Ensuring Confidence in Measurement and Test Results
Dilip Shah: E=mc3 Solutions, ASQ Measurement Quality Division Chair-Elect
Abstract: Whether an organization is a consumer or supplier of test and calibration results, it needs to have a high confidence in the results supplied or obtained to reduce risk further down chain when using the information to make decisions for health, food, product safety or other applications. Metrological Traceability, Measurement Uncertainty and Measurement Decision Risk are the three pillars of the modern-day measurement best practices that act like the three legs of the three-legged stool. All three legs must have equal confidence for the stool to not wobble nor can one have only one the of the three legs for the functionality of the stool to perform its basic function to act as a comfortable sitting implement. The same goes for the three pillars of the modern decision-making process (Metrological Traceability, Measurement Uncertainty and Measurement Decision Risk) for making measurement decisions with confidence (comfort).
This webinar discusses the logical steps in ensuring how the ISO/IEC 17025 laboratory accreditation process provides the tools and guidance in ensuring that the supplier of Calibration and Test services provide consistent results for interpretation by the consumer of such services to propagate information further in making informed decisions and reduce both the Consumer and Supplier Risk.
Bio/CV: Dilip A. Shah (ASQ Fellow) has over 45 years of industry experience in metrology, electronics, instrumentation, measurement and computer applications of statistics in the Metrology and Quality Assurance areas. He is currently a Principal of E = mc3 Solutions, a consulting practice that provides training, consulting and auditing solutions for ISO/IEC 17025, ISO 9001, Measurement Uncertainty and computer applications.
May 20, 2021 | 10:30 AM – 11:00 AM (MT)
Measurement for Health: NPL Medical Ventilator Developments during the Pandemic of 2020
Jean Morris, Josh Schofield and Professor Paul Shore, NPL
Abstract: This presentation will detail NPL’s medical ventilator activities during 2020 as the UK became aware it was likely to run out of available ventilators for Covid19 sufferers. The authors will tell the story of how a 30 strong engineering team “self-formed” in response to this national and international crisis. Of highlight will be: how this large team was initiated by “can do” early career engineers, how it employed light tough management through well-defined and highly trusted sub-teams, its use of simple design optimization processes with frequent yet short duration information sharing means. The overall project outputs will be detailed together with the actual impact achieved.
Bio/CV: Professor Shore joined NPL in June 2015 from Cranfield University, where he is McKeown Professor of Ultra Precision Technologies and Head of the Cranfield University Precision Engineering Institute. Paul was elected a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering in 2009, and from 2011 to 2013 was the President of the European Society of Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology. Prior to his time in academia, Paul worked in business, developing, and implementing strategic programs within an international engineering company, defining, and implementing precision production systems across the world. Paul is also active in the Watch it Made program that enthuses young people about Engineering through manufacturing their own quality watch using tailored advanced manufacturing systems.
May 20, 2021 | 11:00 AM – 11:30 AM (MT)
Measurement for Health: Standardizing Methods and Equipment for Safe Vaccine Transport, Storage, and Temperature Monitoring
Michal Chojnacky, NIST Thermodynamic Metrology
Abstract: In this webinar I will discuss NIST’s role in the first effort to standardize vaccine storage equipment in the U.S., through the development of an NSF/ANSI standard. In addition, I will summarize recent applied thermometry research conducted at NIST, examining best practices for provider-level vaccine temperature monitoring, transport, and field clinic operations. This work supports the CDC’s Vaccines for Children program and the ongoing COVID-19 vaccine rollout.
Bio/CV: Michal Chojnacky is a physicist in the Thermodynamic Metrology Group. Her work at NIST helps companies and other laboratories measure temperature accurately to regulate manufacturing processes and public utilities, keep products safe, and advance research and development in fields like aerospace, pharmaceuticals, and metrology. Michal leads NIST research on the storage and handling of vaccines, a highly temperature-sensitive product. Her work supports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Vaccines for Children Program, which distributes approximately $4 billion worth of federally subsidized vaccines to underinsured U.S. children each year. The program identifies current vaccine storage and handling practices and equipment, replicates these conditions in controlled laboratory experiments, and develops best practices guidance that is easily translated to a public health audience. She is also involved in the first U.S. effort to standardize vaccine storage equipment through the creation of an ANSI standard for vaccine refrigerators and freezers.
Co-sponsored by ASQ Measurement Quality Division